In the early days, the transportation in Muzha District was very inconvenient as the town was located in the inland of Taipei basin, impeding Christian missionary outreach. In 1875 (the 1st year of Emperor Guangxu’s reign), Zhang Nai-Hong, a tea grower in Zhinan mountain area, went past Xindian area and met Professor Mackay (Rev. George Leslie Mackay), who was teaching the scriptures in the Bible’s Matthew 11:28 “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest.” Zhang was no stranger to extremely heavy cargoes, so the scripture left quite a strong impression. He began to believe in the Lord and went to church with his wife on Sundays since then on. Afterwards, Zhang became an elder in Xindian Church in 1878. As the journey to Xindian Church is long, Zhang set up “Neihu Church” (a branch of Xindian Church) in August 1891 at the ferry of Zhinan village (near Duxian Bridge of National Chengchi University). In 1897 (the Japanese colonial period in the Meiji era), Zhang and others spent 30 dollars on the current estate, on which the the church was built, and named “Muzha Church.” Construction was completed on April 30th of the following year.
It was elevated to an official church on April 17, 1954. However, due to factional dispute, another group of believers set up “Xinxing Church” at a location less than 50 meters away on the same street. In 1962, with the effort of Taipei Presbytery of The Presbyterian Church in Taiwan, the two churches merged into one, which was named “Bunsan Church”. Reconstruction of the new church, currently known as the old church, was launched on April 22nd of the same year. Nevertheless, the church could not accommodate the expanding congregation. Hence the construction of another new church, which began on March 13, 1994 and the dedication service was completed on April 12, 1998 after a series of challenges. Opposite the church is the starting point of the Muzha Old Street; its current address is No. 27, Kaiyuan St. In the past, it was a midway destination for the travelling traders, but now it is just a general store. Its tilted roof and wooden window frames, however, still tell the stories of its former glory.